The intention of “Reservation” was to improve the conditions of the backward castes and communities of the society but the effects of reservation have been severe and damaging. The day a child starts his education by enrolling himself in a school, without choice he has become a part of the vicious circle of reservation. And this quota system doesn’t end here; it stays with us till our last breaths.

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It is very important to gauge and analyze the impacts of reservation on education to actually know what good and bad this policy has done to our country since independence.

Impacts :

1.       Division of Society

We are a secular country and equality is must for secularism to survive. Dividing the population on the basis of castes and religions has never done any good for the nation as a whole. Instead of uniting our country, we are segmenting it into fragments.As per the quota system, Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) are the primary beneficiaries of the reservation policies under the Constitution. Their respective quotas in the education system are 15%, 7.5% and 27%.

 2.       Discourages Performers

Students who put in the best of their efforts to make it in the merit are disheartened if they fail to get an admission in a good college due to a reservation. They get discouraged and depressed and such situations lead to frustration and suicidal attempts. Moreover, the reputation of the best institutes in the nation has been deteriorating due to admissions of candidates based on quota and not merit. The quality of professionals that IITs and IIMs are producing now is not up to the standards they have created themselves.

reservation3.       Used For Benefits

People don’t wish to work and study as they want to avail benefits of their caste. And hence, they can never develop and prosper leaving the backward classes where there were without any improvement. People also get fake certificates made to enjoy the benefits of reservation. Even politicians use castes as an effective tool to earn more votes. They divide the society for their own good into vote banks.

4.       Migration of Merits

When good students don’t find admissions in good colleges and good jobs due to reserve seats, they prefer relocating themselves to other countries with better opportunities to perform and make a better living totally based on their performance levels. This has forced many fertile brains to leave the country and settle abroad.

There are various other impacts of this system that have affected the lives and careers of millions of people across the country. It’s high time and this needs attention and amendment. With time the society and the mind-set of the people have also changed and to match up to the present needs to need to incorporate changes that can bring better results.